This book is the final result of accurate research on the most recent scientific studies about pattern baldness. It explains how to stop hair loss in mild and more serious cases through the use of simple and clear language. It also includes various tables and illustrations. This book offers a unique overview on the most effective anti-hair loss strategies from present available drugs to natural vitamin supplements and surgical treatments.
Treating pattern baldness and stopping hair loss in more and mild serious cases.
Treating dandruff, seborrhoea, Seborrhoeic Dermatitis and inflammation.
Adopting a correct lifestyle and an adequate diet in order to keep your organism and your hair healthy.
Coping with stress, a possible cause of hair loss.
Understanding hair auto grafts.
Fabrizio Fantini was born in Italy. He is a biologist and a member of the SITRI (Società Italiana di Tricologia), the Italian Association of Trichology.
What causes hair loss
What causes hair loss
1.1 DHT, Primary Hair Loss Cause
In the public eye, testosterone has been seen as the main cause of balding for years. Testosterone is considered the principal male hormone and it is a symbol of male strength and virility. Male Pattern Baldness (also known as Hereditary Hair Loss) becomes evident during male sexual development when testosterone levels rise in order to allow for the transition that takes place during puberty. As a matter of fact testosterone plays a crucial role in sexual development and is responsible for increased muscle mass, sex drive and many secondary male sexual characteristics. (Table 1.1).
Table 1.1- The main functions of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone
|Development of the penis and testes||Growth of facial hair: beard, nose and ear hair|
|Development of the penis and testes||Development of fetus prostate and external genitalia|
|Increased muscle mass and deepening of the voice||Acne|
|Growth of axillary and pubic hair||Pattern baldness (if a genetic predisposition is present)|
|Sex drive and sexual activity||Prostate gland enlargement, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), in men over the age of 50 subject to this hereditary condition|
In 1942 James Hamilton, a pathologist at Yale University, proved that sexual immaturity and the absence of Pattern baldness were related. Young men with inadequate testes development showed no signs of baldness, but when given testosterone the majority of them developed hair loss. Normal androgen levels and the onset of hair loss turned out to be directly related.
According to recent studies men who suffer from pattern baldness as well as men who are not affected by this condition show almost the same level of testosterone in their blood.
Still, an increased androgen level is not needed to cause pattern baldness (Campo: 2003). If we were to imagine that Testosterone was on trial, such a discovery would work as evidence that he is “innocent”. If this is the case, then must be caused by other factors.
Something is still missing. What, then, causes millions of people to be affected by baldness, especially in European countries? In fact, original European ethnic groups (Caucasian) are four times more likely to develop pattern baldness than males of African and Asian origin. Moreover, recent studies have shown that in males, baldness and overproduction of male hormones are not related while hair sensitivity to androgens and hair loss are.
At this point DHT comes into play. The acronym DHT stands for the term dihydrotestosterone, which is also an androgen. Until a few years ago, this androgen was not as well known as testosterone, but a great deal of interest has arisen about it recently. During sexual maturity, DHT along with testosterone
, contribute s to the development of different androgen dependent organs, such as the prostate gland. DHT determines the growth of facial, pubic, ear and nose hair.
Testosterone is converted into DHT by the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, which functions in different organs and exists as two isozymes: type I and type II. 5-alpha reductase type I “promotes” this reaction in sebaceous glands, while type II catalyzes it in hair follicles and in the prostate gland, converting Doctor Jekill (testosterone) into Mr Hyde (DHT)! Getting back to our strange, imaginary trial, Testosterone would be finally released due to lack of evidence. The defense could argue that despite the fact that his client, Testosterone, is essential to the existence of DHT, this does not imply that he is an accomplice to the crime and if he is, he is unaware of it. DHT is the principal offender! It is curious, however, that DHT, which is fundamental during male puberty, later only performs two “unpleasant” activities, provoking prostate enlargement and hair loss.
In 1979, Dr. Julianne Imperato was investigating a group of Dominican families with a deficiency of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, when she demonstrated that DHT and the onset of hair loss were directly related. One of the main points of her research was the absence of beard and pattern baldness in men…continue
Hair Loss no more!
What causes hair loss? 1
1.1 DHT, Primary hair loss cause 2
1.2 Pattern baldness and Telogen Effluvium: two awkward allies 7
1.3 Dundruff, Seborrhoeic Dermatitis and inflammation 16
Stop hair loss: let’s begin now 25
2.1 The six pillars of treating baldness 26
2.2 Finasteride, the pill which treats hair loss 31
2.3 Minoxidil, a lotion for your hair 36
2.4 Receptor antagonists, estrogens and progesterone 38
2.5 Women and thinning hair 41
2.6 Forty ways to treat hair loss 51
Diet and natural remedies 57
3.1 Diet and hair 58
3.2 Regulating your hormonal levels through a correct diet: hair’s health 85
3.3 Natural remedies for your hair’s health 100
3.4 Hygiene and practical advice for your hair’s health 116
Hair and stress 129
4.1 Why stress provokes hair loss 130
4.2 Meditation and fitness: the best allies for your health 136
Surgical treatments for hair loss: “Never bald again” 143
5.1 Hair autograft 144
5.2 Hair clonation: interesting perspectives for the future
Copyright Fabrizio Fantini Washington office 2016